Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience Papers in Press available online.

Transcranial Electrical Stimulation: Clinical Implication and Practice for Treatment of Psychiatric Illness
Chaeyeon Yang 1, Bori Jung 1,2, Seung-Hwan Lee 1,3,*
1Clinical Emotion and Cognition Research Laboratory, Inje University, Goyang, Republic of Korea, 2Department of Psychology, Sogang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 3Department of Psychiatry, Inje University, Ilsan-Paik Hospital, Goyang, Republic of Korea
Brain electrical stimulation, particularly non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques such as transcranial electrical stimulation (tES), have emerged as a promising treatment for various psychiatric disorders, including depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder. tES techniques, such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), and transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS), are cost-effective and safe interventions that are designed to affect neuronal circuits in the brain using various modalities. Although tES has shown effectiveness in the treatment of psychiatric disorders, there is a lack of comprehensive papers that consider its clinical implications. Therefore, this review aims to evaluate the clinical implications of tES and provide practical guidance for the treatment of psychiatric illnesses. Moreover, this review provides an overview of tES techniques and their mechanisms of action and summarizes recent clinical studies that have examined the use of tES for psychiatric disorders.
Accepted Manuscript [Submitted on 2023-07-17, Accepted on 2023-08-09]