Neural Correlates of Trait Impulsivity among Adult Healthy Individuals
Hye-Yeon Jung*, Harin Bak*, Minji Bang, Sang-Hyuk Lee, Kang Soo Lee
Department of Psychiatry, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University School of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea
Correspondence to: Sang-Hyuk Lee
Department of Psychiatry, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, 59 Yatap-ro, Bundang-gu, Seongnam 13496, Korea
E-mail: drshlee@cha.ac.kr
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9097-261X
Kang Soo Lee
Department of Psychiatry, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, 59 Yatap-ro, Bundang-gu, Seongnam 13496, Korea
E-mail: kpsimon@hanmail.net
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6587-5623
*These authors contributed equally to this study as co-first authors.
Received: September 9, 2023; Revised: November 6, 2023; Accepted: November 10, 2023; Published online: December 6, 2023.
© The Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology. All rights reserved.

This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Objective: Impulsivity can be observed in individuals with or without mental illness. The discovery of neural correlates responsible for trait impulsivity can therefore help to understand the severity of psychiatric symptoms, personality characteristics and social adjustment. In this study, we aimed to identify the gray matter substrates of trait impulsivity in healthy individuals.
Methods: Seventy-five healthy individuals were enrolled. At baseline, trait impulsivity was assessed using the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS) and all participants underwent T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging scan. Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) were also assessed. Mean cortical thickness (CT) and the local gyrification index (LGI) were calculated to perform whole-brain vertex-wise correlation analysis, which were performed to investigate the relationship between BIS scores and CT or LGI in each brain region. We also revealed the relationship between brain regions and psychological measurements.
Results: Total BIS scores were significantly and negatively correlated with mean CT values in the left lateral occipital cortex (OC) and LGIs in the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG). Correlation analyses revealed that the lateral OC’s mean CT values were negatively correlated with BAI scores and positively correlated with WHOQOL-BREF scores, while LGI in the IFG was positively correlated with CD-RISC scores.
Conclusion: Our study showed that trait impulsivity might be associated with the lateral OC and IFG in healthy individuals. Understanding the neural correlates of trait impulsivity could provide ways to expect high impulsivity, anxiety, and poor resilience in healthy adults.
Keywords: Impulsivity; Magnetic resonance imaging; Gray matter; Occipital lobe; Inferior frontal gyrus.


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