Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci 2019; 17(2): 323-325  
Comorbid Zolpidem Dependence and Over-the-Counter Compound Analgesic Abuse
Hyounwook Kim, Cheolmin Shin, Young-hoon Ko, Changsu Han
Department of Psychiatry, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Changsu Han, MD, PhD, MHS Department of Psychiatry, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, 123 Jeokgeum-ro, Danwon-gu, Ansan 15355, Korea
Tel: +82-31-412-5140, Fax: +82-31-412-5144 E-mail: hancs@korea.ac.kr
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4021-8907
Received: May 17, 2017; Revised: June 2, 2017; Accepted: June 3, 2017; Published online: May 31, 2019.
© The Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology. All rights reserved.

This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Zolpidem is a commonly prescribed hypnotic used to treat insomnia. However, its potential for abuse and dependence has recently become controversial. Although over-the-counter (OTC) medications are widely used, their abuse potential has not received much research attention. We report a case of comorbid zolpidem and OTC compound analgesic abuse. OTC analgesics may serve as gateway drugs, and physicians must be cautious about this issue, especially when prescribing hypnotics or benzodiazepines.
Keywords: Zolpidem; Dependence; Over the counter drugs; Abuse.


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