Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci 2018; 16(4): 391-397  
In-Depth Relationships between Emotional Intelligence and Personality Traits in Meditation Practitioners
Soo-Hee Choi1,2, Seung Chan An3, Ul Soon Lee4, Je-Yeon Yun1,5, Joon Hwan Jang1,5, Do-Hyung Kang1,2
1Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, 2Department of Psychiatry and Institute of Human Behavioral Sciences, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, 3Korea Institute of Brain Science, Seoul, 4Department of Brain Education, Global Cyber University, Cheonan, 5Department of Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Do-Hyung Kang, MD, PhD
Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03080, Korea
Tel: +82-2-2072-0690, Fax: +82-2-744-7241
E-mail: basuare@hanmail.net
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8741-5748
Received: March 31, 2017; Revised: May 2, 2017; Accepted: May 8, 2017; Published online: November 30, 2018.
© The Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology. All rights reserved.

This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Objective: Meditation can elicit trait-like changes in psychological and social styles, as well as enhancement of emotional regulatory capacity. We investigated the relation between personality traits and emotional intelligence in meditation practitioners.
Methods: Seventy-two long-term practitioners of mind-body training (MBT) and 62 healthy comparative individuals participated in the study. The participants completed emotional intelligence questionnaires and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI).
Results: The MBT group revealed higher scores on all five emotional intelligence factors than did those in the control group, such as emotional awareness and expression, empathy, emotional thinking, emotional application, and emotional regulation (all p≤0.001). MBT practitioners also had higher scores on the intuition of perceiving function (t =−2.635, p =0.010) and on the feeling of the judging function (t =−3.340, p =0.001) of the MBTI compared with those in the control group. Only the MBT group showed a robust relationship with every factor of emotional intelligence and MBTI-defined intuitive styles, indicating that higher scores of emotional intelligence were related to higher scores for intuition.
Conclusion: Emotional intelligence of meditation practitioners showed notable relationships with some features of personality trait. In-depth associations between emotional intelligence and personality traits would help to foster psychological functions in meditation practitioners.
Keywords: Meditation; Mind-body training; Emotional intelligence; Personality; Intuition.


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