Vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency among inpatients with depressive symptoms
Young Sup Woo 1, Sangha Kim 1, Jong-Hyun Jeong 1, Young-Eun Jung 2, Moon-Doo Kim 2, Won-Myong Bahk 1*
1Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 2Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Jeju National University, Jeju, Republic of Korea
Received: December 20, 2017; Revised: January 11, 2018; Accepted: January 14, 2018; Published online: January 14, 2018.
© The Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology. All rights reserved.

Abstract
Objective: Although the association between low vitamin D levels and depressive symptoms has been widely reported, studies investigating the relationship between hypovitaminosis D and depressive symptomatology are scarce.
Methods: We retrospectively studied the relationship between vitamin D status and depressive symptoms in 196 patients hospitalized for a major depressive episode.
Results: The baseline 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale total and depression factor (item 1, 2, 3, 7) scores were significantly higher in the vitamin-D-insufficiency/deficiency group than in the vitamin-D-sufficiency group.
Conclusion: It is important to consider measuring the vitamin D levels of patients with severe and core depressive symptoms and providing vitamin D supplementation when necessary.
Keywords: Vitamin D, Depression, Core depressive symptoms


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