From Neurons to Social Beings: Short Review of the Mirror Neuron System Research and its Socio-Psychological and Psychiatric Implications
Hyeonjin Jeon 1, Seung-Hwan Lee 1, 2*
1Clinical Emotion and Cognition Research Laboratory, Goyang, Korea, 2Department of Psychiatry, Inje University, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang, Korea
Received: July 21, 2017; Revised: November 22, 2017; Accepted: December 14, 2017; Published online: December 14, 2017.
© The Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology. All rights reserved.

Abstract
The mirror neuron system (MNS) is a brain network activated when we move our body parts and when we observe the actions of other agent. Since the mirror neuron’s discovery in research on monkeys, several studies have examined its network and properties in both animals and humans. This review discusses MNS studies of animals and human MNS studies related to high-order social cognitions such as emotion and empathy, as well as relations between MNS dysfunction and mental disorders. Finally, these evidences are understood from an evolutionary perspective.
Keywords: Mirror neuron system (MNS), social cognition, mental disorder


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