A retrospective study of long acting risperidone use to support treatment adherence in youth with conduct disorder
Sevcan Karako? Demirkaya *, Hatice Aksu 1, B?rte G?rb?z ?zg?r 1
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Adnan Menderes University Faculty of Medicine
Received: July 25, 2016; Revised: September 30, 2016; Accepted: October 3, 2016; Published online: October 3, 2016.
© The Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology. All rights reserved.

Objectives:Risperidone has been widely used to control aggression and conduct disorder (CD) in youth; however, treatment compliance is a major problem in CD. Our aim is to evaluate the effectiveness and tolerability of long-acting risperidone (LAR) in treating nonadherent cases.
Methods: The medical records of children and adolescents who had CD and were nonadherent to conventional drugs and psychosocial interventions (and therefore taking LAR) were reviewed. Informed consent on offlabel use of LAR was obtained from the parents. Clinical Global Impression (CGI) severity (CGI-S) and CGI-Improvement scales were used and baseline and end points were compared.
Results: The study comprised 14 children and adolescents (5 girls; 9 boys). All had comorbid disorders: substance use disorder (n=8), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (n=6), and major depression (n=2). Mean duration of LAR use was 3.1 months (1.5-8 months). We observed significant improvements in the baseline and endpoint CGI-S scores for CD in all but one patient (Z=-3.198; p<0.001). Only mild adverse effects were observed: weight gain (n=2), sedation (n=1), leg cramps (n=1), and increased appetite with no weight gain (n=1).
Conclusion: LAR is effective and tolerable for patients with CD who can’t be medicated with oral preparations due to nonadherence to treatment. Even short-term LAR use is effective to get compliance. As CD predicts numerous problems in adulthood, appropriate treatment is crucial.To our knowledge, this is the first study on LAR use in youth with CD. The use of LAR deserves careful consideration and further controlled studies are needed to confirm our findings.
Keywords: atypical antipsychotic, conduct disorder, long acting risperidone