Brain region and sex-specific changes in mitochondrial biogenesis induced by acute trimethyltin exposure
Jung Ho Lee 1, Eun Hye Jang 1, Soon Ae Kim 1*
Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Eulji University, Daejeon, Korea
Received: January 6, 2021; Revised: February 24, 2021; Accepted: March 10, 2021; Published online: March 10, 2021.
© The Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology. All rights reserved.

Abstract
Objectives: In this study, we investigated sex- and region-specific effects of acute trimethyltin exposure on mitochondrial biogenesis.
Methods: We treated trimethyltin to primary neuronal cultures and 4-week-old male and female mice. We measured the mitochondrial DNA copy numbers using the quantitative polymerase chain reaction method. We also measured mitochondrial biogenesis related genes (sirtuin-1, estrogen-related receptor alpha, cytochrome C oxidase subunit IV) by western blotting.
Results: The mitochondrial DNA copy number increased in the primary hippocampal neuron; however, it decreased in the primary cortical neuron. The mitochondrial copy number increased in the hippocampus and decreased in the cortex in the TMT treated female mice, though the mitochondrial copy number increased in both cortex and hippocampus in the TMT treated male mice. TMT treatment increased sirtuin-1 expression in the male hippocampus but did not in the female brain. In the female brain, estrogen-related receptor alpha expression decreased in the cortex though there is no significant change in the male brain. The protein level of mitochondrial protein, cytochrome C oxidase subunit IV, increased in both cortex and hippocampus after TMT injection in male mice brain, but not in female mice brain.
Conclusion: Our data suggest that acute TMT exposure induces distinct sex-specific metabolic characteristics in the brain before significant sexual maturation.
Keywords: Trimethyltin, Mitochondria, Estrogen, Sex difference


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