Anti-inflammatory strategies for schizophrenia: a review of evidence for therapeutic applications and drug repurposing
Jonghee Hong 1, Minji Bang 2*
1CHA University School of Medicine, 2Department of Psychiatry, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University School of Medicine
Received: May 11, 2019; Revised: September 12, 2019; Accepted: November 4, 2019; Published online: November 4, 2019.
© The Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology. All rights reserved.

Abstract
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder with a substantial socioeconomic and humanistic burden. Currently available treatment strategies mostly rely on antipsychotic drugs, which block dopaminergic effects in the mesolimbic pathway of the brain. Although antipsychotic drugs help relieve psychotic symptoms, a definitive cure for schizophrenia has yet to be achieved. Recent advances in neuroinflammation research suggest that proinflammatory processes in the brain could cause alterations in neurobehavioral development and increase vulnerability to schizophrenia. With a growing need for novel strategies in the treatment of schizophrenia, it would be meaningful to review the current evidence supporting the therapeutic potential of anti-inflammatory strategies. This review details the key findings of clinical trials that investigate the efficacy of anti-inflammatory agents as adjuvants to antipsychotic treatment. We further discuss the possibilities of repurposing anti-inflammatory agents and developing novel strategies for the treatment of schizophrenia.
Keywords: schizophrenia, inflammation, anti-inflammatory therapy, drug repurposing


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